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Work Incentive Planning and Assistance

                                                                                                      WIPA Brochure

                                                     Social Security Guide to Work Incentives  

WIPA provides work incentives planning, assistance, and outreach services to Social Security beneficiaries who receive Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and/or Supplemental Security Income (SSI), based on disability and/or blindness including transition-to-work aged youth, who want to pursue gainful employment.

Work Incentives promote employment and greater independence for people with disabilities who are initially entering, or re-entering, the workforce:
 

If you receive SSI:  You may still continue to receive Medicaid coverage while trying to become self-supporting through work!
       
  Medicaid While Working 1619(a) and 1619(b):  Offer two different ways an individual can keep Medicaid benefits while trying to become self-supporting.
       
  Student Earned Income Exclusion (SEIE):  Allows a student up to age 22 who has a disability or is blind and regularly enrolled in school, to earn income that is not counted for SSI income purposes. 
   
  Plan to Achieve Self-Support (PASS):  A PASS is a plan that a person with a disability or blindness uses to set aside income or resources to reach a work goal.  For Example, you could set aside money to go to school, start a business or pay for work expenses such as transportation to and from work or attendant care.  SSA does not count money set aside under this plan to determine an SSI payment amount. 
   
  Impairment Related Work Expense (IRWE):  IRWEs are documented disability-related expenses that are necessary in order to work or perform a job.  Examples of IRWEs may include wheelchairs, assistive technology or any other specialized work-related equipment, and certain special transportation costs.  For SSI beneficiaries, costs of IRWEs can be recovered through higher SSI payments.  Additionally, this work incentive can also be used to establish eligibility for initial SSI disability status.
   
  Blind Work Expenses (BWE):  BWEs are documented expenses that individuals with blindness incur because of their disability that are necessary in order to work or perform a job.  Examples may include adaptive devices or guide dogs.  Like IRWEs, individuals with blindness may be able to recover 100% of those expenses through increased SSI cash payments.
   
If You Receive SSDI: 
   
  Trial Work Period (TWP):  This is a 9-month time frame called “service month,” when a person receiving SSDI can test their ability to work without losing SSDI cash payments and Medicare coverage.  During this time a beneficiary can earn any amount of money as long as the work activity is reported and they continue to have a disabling impairment.  After the TWP is completed, the extended period of eligibility begins unless the SSA reviews your disability case and finds your impairment has medically improved.
   
  Extended Period of Eligibility (EPE):  For 36 months/3 years (consecutive), after the Trial Work Period is completed, a SSDI beneficiary who continues to be medically disabled can receive a SSDI check for each month they earn below a certain amount.  This automatic reinstatement of SSDI benefits does not require a new application, and benefits can be easily reinstated should the beneficiary stop work for any reason.
   
  Medicare Continuation:  Medicare can continue for 93 months after a successful Trial Work Period if the individual continues to be medically disabled. 
   
  Impairment-Related Work Expense (IRWE):  IRWEs are documented disability related expenses that are necessary in order to work or perform a job.  Social Security Administration (SSA) deducts the cost of IRWEs from gross earnings (earnings before taxes) before determining if the individual is SSDI eligible.  Examples of IRWEs may include wheelchairs, assistive technology or any other specialized work-related equipment, and certain special transportation costs. 
   
WIPA is administered and regulated by:
       
  Social Security Administration
Office of Acquisition and Grants
7111 Security Blvd., 1st Floor Rear Entrance
Baltimore, MD 21244
Phone: (410) 965-9469
Fax:  (410) 966-9310
       
Links:
     
  Social Security Administration  
    www.ssa.gov  
    www.ssa.gov/work/aboutticket.htm  
       
  Questions about PAVA? Contact Us:  
    info@disabilityrightsidaho.org  
       
Send mail to info@disabilityrightsidaho.org with questions or comments about this web site.
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